The three‐dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography in distinguishing between ischaemic and non‐ischaemic aetiology of heart failure (2020)

Marianna Vachalcova, Gabriel Valocik, Marian Kurecko, Julia Grapsa, Viktoria Ali Taha, Peter Michalek, Monika Jankajova, Frantisek Sabol, Lucia Kubikova, Marek Orban, Tomas Uher, Allan Bohm

Aims: The aim of this pilot study was to compare selected three‐dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D STE) parameters in patients with ischaemic and non‐ischaemic aetiology of heart failure (HF) and to identify indices that can differentiate the two pathologies.

Methods and results: Forty patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40% were included to the study: 20 patients (age 63 ± 9.0 years, LVEF 29.0 ± 11.3%) with ischaemic cardiomyopathy and 20 patients (age 64.0 ± 11.0 years, LVEF 27.3 ± 7.5%) with non‐ischaemic cardiomyopathy. All patients underwent two‐dimensional (2D) and three‐dimensional (3D) transthoracic echocardiography. Standard echocardiographic parameters, global longitudinal strain, and rotational parameters of left ventricle (LV) were assessed using 3D speckle tracking (3D STE). There were no differences in standard and STE parameters between the two groups. Among rotational parameters, the LV apical rotation (4.9 ± 3.5° vs. 2.3 ± 2.4°, P = 0.0022) was significantly higher in patients with ischaemic HF. Among all echocardiographic parameters, a cut‐off value of 3.28° (area under the curve 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.62 to 0.93) was able to distinguish the ischaemic and non‐ischaemic aetiology of HF with a sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 75%.

Conclusions: This is the first study that compares 3D STE parameters between patients with ischaemic and non‐ischaemic cardiomyopathy. It was proved that the apical rotation was significantly higher in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Our findings suggest that 3D STE might be useful in non‐invasive differentiation between ischaemic and non‐ischaemic aetiology of HF.

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